A transaction is characterized Off-Chain when the value movement takes place outside the register of the Blockchain. Unlike an On-chain transaction (a transaction whose result is written into the Blockchain), an Off-chain transaction will not modify the Blockchain and will depend on other methods to verify its validity. The Blockchain then acts as a clearing house. NIMs licensing service and NIMs reporting service is off-chain cleared by the CopyrightChain CopyrightID reference